BlogIcon.png    TwitterIcon.png  YTicon.png  

Same-Day-Shipping-Sprayer-Depot
Call Us! 800-228-0905

  • offline-1295421357
  • offline-837801025

Sprayer Depot Blog

5 Easy Steps to Properly Clean your Nozzles

Posted by Sprayer Depot on Fri, Sep 15, 2017

As the summer season draws to a close and we start to think about preparing our equipment for the winter season, our to-do list grows long. Thank you notes to clients, winterizing all equipment, and finding storage for supplies and back up supplies, are all on the agenda for fall. The tasks can easily begin to seem overwhelming.

One of the top priority items on your checklist should be to teejet.jpgproperly clean and store your sprayer, especially the nozzles. What does that really entail? Where do you begin? You can not simply let them soak and then store them away. In order to have your nozzles in tip-top shape for next season you’ll want to be sure to follow these 5 easy steps:

  1. Remove all the nozzles, gaskets and tips from your sprayer and place into a large pail of warm water. (You’ll want to wear gloves for this to avoid any chemical residue).
  2. Let them soak in the warm water.
  3. Fill a second pail with the same cleaner you use to clean your sprayer. As you transfer nozzle pieces from one bucket to another you should scrub them with a soft toothbrush, getting into all the crevices between attachments to remove any remaining residue. Some nozzles with have detachable pieces, gaskets and seals. Make sure to clean ALL parts.
  4. Let all the parts and pieces soak for a bit.
  5. Rinse the parts with clean water and reassemble the nozzle. (Use caution when draining your buckets as both will contain trace amounts of chemicals and pesticides.) You will want to give the pieces a chance to dry before you reassemble to reduce the chance that mold and mildew will form while they are stored for the season.

Make sure that cleaning solution is free of debris and is appropriate to use on plastic materials (if nozzles are plastic). Use only a soft bristled brush, especially on the more delicate pieces and never use a metal object, which can damage the nozzle. 

Good luck with your winterizing! Feel free to contact us with any questions about your spray equipment or look here for additional information about your spray nozzles.

 

 

Topics: Winterizing Spray Equipment, spray nozzle, Teejet, Hypro spray tips

Spray Equipment: Spray Nozzles 101

Posted by Sprayer Depot on Wed, Jun 29, 2016

Nozzles may be small, but they play a critical role in the application of chemicals. Learn all about spray nozzles.pngSelecting the proper size and type of nozzle is an essential step to determine the amount of spray applied to an area. Use the wrong nozzle, and you may over or under spray the solution which will result in an ineffective application.

A few questions that will help you make the best nozzle selection for your particular application include:

1. What's your application type? (i.e., agricultural, pest control, lawn & landscape, etc.)

2. What's the predetermined distribution pattern? (i.e., broadcast, banded, stream, etc.)

3. What's the recommended droplet size?

4. What type of nozzle material is needed to avoid corrosion?

Let's go over a couple of key elements you can apply to answer the questions above:

Application Rate

Consider nozzle orifice size, operating pressure, nozzle spacing and nozzle speed to determine the application rate. A couple of tips to keep in mind include:
  • The smaller the orifice, the smaller the droplet size
  • Small droplets are subject to more drift and evaporation than larger ones
  • Dense areas require higher pressure for the droplet to reach its target
  • Measuring pressure at the boom is the most efficient way to test actual pressure rate
  • Take into account the angle of the spray tips and their height to space the nozzles at an appropriate distance
  • The faster the speed of the application the less solution applied and vice-versa

Pattern Distribution

The pattern distribution should offer accurate coverage when using the appropriate nozzle. The three most common nozzle distribution patterns are:

1. Flat fan pattern nozzles: Ideal for broadcasting application, flat fan are the most widely used pattern nozzles. Hypro offers a wide selection of flat fan pattern nozzles; browse our extensive inventory by clicking here.

2. Cone pattern nozzles: Best suited for banded application but can also be used for broadcasting application. Cone pattern nozzles are particularly useful when spraying crops as they provide better coverage.

3. Flooding nozzles: Perfect for applications where wind-tolerant nozzles are needed. Use flooding nozzles when spraying at lower pressures with a large droplet to minimize drift.

Nozzle Material

Nozzles come in a wide variety of materials such as polyacetal, ceramic, stainless steel or PVDF. Depending on their use and spray solution, nozzles will wear out at different rates. Always check the label of the chemical solution to check for compatible nozzle material. Also, pay close attention to any specific cleaning or maintenance requirement to keep nozzles clean.

Hypro and TeeJet are among our most popular manufacturers of high quality nozzles. They also have many educational resources that can help make the selection process a bit easier for you. Check out these two simple selection guides that will help you identify the correct nozzle:

Teejet spray nozzle selection chart.jpg

 Hypro nozzle selection guide.jpg

If you are looking to learn more about nozzles and tips, please visit our previous post 3 Keys to Selecting the Right Spray Tip.

If you still have questions regarding what spray nozzle you should use, contact one of our knowledgeable Customer Service Technicians.

Shop For Replacement Nozzles, Tips & Boom

Topics: Hypro, Sprayer Parts, pest control, spray tips, Spray Nozzles, spray nozzle, spray tip guide, nozzle selection guide, spray nozzle selection, Teejet

Guest Post: Comparison of Roller to Diaphragm Pumps for Horticultural Spraying

Posted by Sprayer Depot on Thu, Oct 08, 2015

Contributed by Guest Blogger: 
Mark Techler,  Factory Representative - Hypro & SHURflo Ag and Industrial Pumps and Accessories

 HyproD30_copy

Most horticultural spraying equipment (those spraying fruits, vegetables, ornamental foliage, lawns, shrubs, and in nurseries) use either roller or diaphragm pumps. Here are some thoughts when considering which kind of pump to buy.

Match the pump to your spray material. Consult the chemical labels of the herbicide, pesticide, fungicide, or fertilizer you are pumping. Make sure you have the proper flow going to the spray nozzles or gun with enough flow left for agitation. Then match the flow and pressure to the pump performance chart. Do not buy a pump based on specifications shown on a price list. Consult the pump performance chart and notice that a pump will not perform at the max gpm and max psi. This is particularly true of roller pumps.

Match the pump to the duty. Roller pump life depends on the pump body material. Here is a rough estimate based on our tests:

Cast iron – 150 hours

Ni-Resist – 300 hours

SilverCast – 1000 hours

4001C_originalDiaphragm pumps, properly maintained, can last many 1000s of hours because the spray material is isolated from the drive components by a synthetic rubber diaphragm. We have seen them last over 30,000 hours. Plan on changing your diaphragms every 500 to 1000 hours of use, depending on rpm, psi, liquid pumped, and if the pump is flushed after use.

Analyze your costs. For example, both the 7560C cast iron roller pump ($154.55*) and the 9910-D30 diaphragm pump ($494.19*) will operate at 9 gpm/150 psi/ 540 rpm. The roller pump costs much less but will last a shorter time, which might make sense if you are spraying 50 hours per year. The diaphragm pump will have a higher initial cost but make sense if you are a commercial user pumping 1000 hours per year. Roller pumps can be repaired but it is difficult to predict if the repaired pump will perform close to new pump specs. For that reason, many worn roller pumps are scrapped. Diaphragm pumps will need the diaphragms replaced, but the pump will return to new pump performance.

Assess drive and plumbing. Roller pumps can run directly on a PTO shaft and will need a gear reduced engine or belts and pulleys for engine drive. The exception is 4101 series which can run directly on an engine up to 2600 rpm. Diaphragm pumps can run directly on a PTO and are available with gearboxes for engines. A relief valve, which is required for either pump, must be added to a roller pump system but is generally included as an attachment on a diaphragm pump.

If you have any questions consult the experts at Sprayer Depot. 

 Shop Pumps & Parts 

*When purchased at Sprayer Depot 

 

Topics: Hypro, Diaphragm pumps, sprayer, Roller Pump, spray tips, spray nozzle, horticulture, Guest blog

3 Keys to Selecting the Right Spray Tip

Posted by Sprayer Depot on Thu, May 28, 2015

hypro_spraytipSpray tips are important, but these small components happen to be an often-overlooked part of a sprayer. With so many options on the market it’s no wonder that you might feel overwhelmed with choices. However, the benefits of finding the right tip for your application will pay in spades in the long run. Determining which spray nozzle is best for your needs depends on a variety of factors, including the type of spray application and your sprayer equipment.

An appropriate spray tip can do the following:

  •       Reduces off target spray
  •       Provides more control to improve coverage
  •       Means you save money
  •       Best for the environment
  •       Means you complete your spray job faster

So there’s a reason why there are so many different types of spray tips in tons of sizes, capacities and materials. To get started, you should identify your needs. This first step will guide you to a narrower field of nozzle options. For instance, are you trying to reduce spray drift? Do you need a wide pressure range? What would you change about the nozzle you’ve used most recently? Do you want better coverage? Once you’ve identified your needs, then follow these three keys to selecting the right spray tip.

1. Determine Flow Rate (gpm): You’ll need to identify the application volume (gpa), travel speed (mph) and nozzle spacing in inches (w) to find the right flow rate. Your calculation may look something like this: 

Flow Rate (gpm) = Volume x Speed x Nozzle Spacing
                                                   5,940 

Check out the Hypro SprayIT Calculator – it’s a helpful reference guide, or TeeJet’s nozzle selection guide

2. Select the Right Nozzle: With that information on hand you’ll have a better idea of the type of nozzle needed and can follow the manufacturer’s chart to identify the model that will work best for your needs.

Keep in mind that nozzles come in different materials. Brass resists corrosion from corrosive chemicals, plastic will not corrode and resist abrasion, stainless steel offer good corrosion resistance and are best suited for high pressures, aluminum are easily corroded by some fertilizers, and ceramic are highly resistant to abrasion and corrosion.

3. Calibrate and Adjust: After you’ve installed the new spray tip, calibrate your sprayer. This determines the amount of spray volume applied per acre. Also keep in mind that when you’re on a job, the spray pressure output of you sprayer may differ from the charts. You can adjust for this by determining the amount of pressure at the nozzle and then subtracting or adding pressure from your main gauge to compensate and ensure that you’re getting the desired output needed.

Have other suggestions to selecting the right spray tip for your needs? Maybe you’re a fan of simply calling our Customer Service Technicians to determine the right product or perhaps you have a specific brand you prefer. Either way, we’d love to hear what work best for you. Leave a comment below.

tipnozzle

Topics: spray tips, Spray Nozzles, spray tip, spray tip selection, sprayer nozzle, spray tip calculator, spray tip selector, drift control spray tip, Sprayer Nozzles, spray nozzle, spray tip guide, nozzle selection guide, spray nozzle selection

Guest Post: Hypro Boom Components

Posted by Sprayer Depot on Fri, May 08, 2015

Contributed by Guest Blogger: 
Mark Techler,  Factory Representative - Hypro & SHURflo Ag and Industrial Pumps and Accessories

Some of the top sprayer manufacturers, plus leading chemical manufacturers like BASF and Syngenta, are partnering with Hypro in developing spray boom components to meet the demands of today’s precision spraying. 

Nozzle Bodies
There is a certain amount of pressure lost when liquid flows through any spray component. This is "pressure drop". Hypro ProFlo nozzle bodies have the lowest pressure drop at any given flow in the industry, for instance 2.6 gpm with 5 psi pressure drop. This adds to system efficiency and supports faster field speeds. Other ProFlo features:

  • Single, 3, and 5 way nozzle bodies for wet and dry booms

  • Diaphragm check valves in EPDM or Viton

  • Reliable turret index provides positive shutoff between positions

  • Full line of nozzle body accessories (caps, barbs, adapters, clamps, etc.)

Express End Caps and Fittings
Air gets trapped in booms and causes the nozzle to actuate non-uniformly, resulting in under/over spraying of targets. Hypro’s unique Express End Caps and Fittings, designed for 1-inch stainless tubes, permit all the air to leave the boom, allowing uniform spraying. Clean-out ports eliminate “dead ends” on booms that accumulate unwanted chemicals. 

Spray Tips
Hypro has a full line of agricultural spray tips including fan, cone, flooding, plastic, ceramic, and a broad range of flow rates. Only Hypro offers:

  • Ultra Lo-Drift tips. The ULD, with an air induction fan spray, provides the best combination of drift control and coverage in the industry.
  • GuardianAir Twin. The GAT, with forward and rear air induction fans, is the best choice for high coverage targets and complex canopies.
  • The industry’s best spray tip selection tool. To use the SprayIT calculator, enter your spray parameters and Hypro will show you the available tip options.
  • The industry’s best mobile app for spray tips. From your mobile device enter your spray parameters and the chemical name and Hypro will show you the available tip options. Find it here on iTunes and here on Google PlayYou can also access the recommended spray quality for many popular ag chemicals andmatch the droplet size to Hypro spray tips.

Visit our website to shop our entire inventory of sprayer parts & equipment.

Shop Now

 

Topics: Hypro, Boom Sprayer, Apps on the Sprayer Depot blog, spray tips, Spray Nozzles, spray tip selector, spray nozzle, spray tip guide, spray nozzle selection, boom

Hypro’s Spray Nozzle Selection Simplified

Posted by Sprayer Depot on Wed, Oct 15, 2014

We’re always looking for ways to make spray nozzle selection easier and we’ve shared some tips of the trade in past posts right here on our blog. With new advances in technology and an ever-evolving line-up of options, we couldn’t resist sharing this Spray Nozzle Selection Guide and helpful information from our friends at Hypro.

Consider this. When selecting nozzles it’s easy to determine what droplet and flow rate you need, but what happens when the chemical you are spraying changes? Does that change the nozzle you should be using?

Hypro has developed a simple set of tools that will help steer you to the correct nozzle technology while considering multiple tank mix characteristics. The Spray Nozzle Selection Guide will walk you through a series of questions to identify the correct nozzle, including:

  • What and when are you spraying?
  • Are you using an adjuvant, and if so, what type?
  • In your chemical Contact or Systemic?
  • Is your primary concern drift or coverage?
Hypro's Spray Nozzle Guide

Nozzle Selection Guide

From there you’ll determine which of six nozzles are best for your application. Choices include Hi-Flow and ESI Six Stream, which are best for Fertilizer Plant Nutrients. Those spraying Herbicides and doing Weed Control would be served best with the Ultra Lo-Drift, Guardian or GuardianAir nozzle types, according to the guide. Rounding out the bunch are the Insecticide/Fungicide Plant Health needs that are best suited by using the Guardian, GuardianAir or GuardianAir Twin nozzles.

Interested in more? Hypro’s Spray Tip Guide digs further into the subject, providing technical details to support your selection. Some of the topics covered include:

  • Why different nozzles should be used when changing what you spray
  • How do adjuvants effect nozzle selection
  • When does using a Contact or Systemic chemical change your nozzle selection
If you still have questions regarding what spray nozzle you should use, contact one of Sprayer Depot's knowledgeable Customer Service Technicians.

Topics: Hypro, herbicides, Sprayer Depot, Sprayer Parts, pest control, spray tips, Spray Nozzles, pesticides, Pesticide Application, Pesticide applicator, spray tip, spray tip selection, Sprayer Parts Guide, spray smarter, sprayer nozzle, tip selector, tip selection, spray tip selector, fungicides, Sprayer Nozzles, spray nozzle, weed control, fertilizer, insecticide, plant health, spray tip guide, nozzle selection guide, spray nozzle selection

5 Tips for Seasonal Sprayer Maintenance

Posted by Sprayer Depot on Mon, Sep 22, 2014

Kings Sprayers

As the season changes to autumn (officially on Sept. 22, 2014), the scenery for many of us quickly follows, adding to it shades of red, orange and yellow to the typically green landscape. The weather too will turn cooler (at least we’re hopeful in Florida) and of course the needs of our sprayer changes too. While we’re not quite to the point where we need to winterize our tools, care should be given to prep for that necessary activity and to ensure the changing weather elements don’t impact the end of your season. We’ve combed over our collection of trade tips to uncover the essential needs for this time of year.

Below are five tips for autumn sprayer maintenance from Sprayer Depot to keep you going through the end of the season. 

1. Flush your sprayer.

To get rid of all excess chemical and chemical residues, flush your sprayer at least twice with clean water. It would be awful to not flush your pump with a month left in the spray season and then rupture some diaphragms. That would result in late season repairs you might not have accounted for, let alone the hassle. When you’re finished, make sure there’s no debris left in the tank.

2. Clean strainers.

This is one of those tasks no one enjoys, but is so necessary. Partially clogged strainers can result in drops in pressure and even reduce the flow rate of your nozzle. Not to mention that a clogged or dirty strainer can be a source of contamination where you may least expect it. Since most sprayers have more than one strainer, take care to clean each.

3.  Check fuel levels.

Make sure the oil levels in your spray pump, gearbox and engine are at appropriate levels. If you do need to refill oil, check with the part manufacturer to ensure you’re using the recommended oil.

4.  Inspect machine.

What you’re looking for are a number of things, including: worn nozzles; damaged nozzle screens and strainers; cracks, leaks and overall performance in the pump; hose condition, especially cracks or brittleness; any possible leaky valves or areas where valve seals may have loosened; and finally your booms (if applicable) to make sure there aren’t any cracks that need to be fixed. While you’re at it, keep the equipment clean by wiping down motors, pumps and lines.

5. Get a winterization game plan.

As the weather changes, winter is fast approaching and it’s time to dig out your winter coat. This is also the time to think about scheduling your annual winterization maintenance and end of year sprayer tune-up. Remember that caring for your machine properly now will pay off next year when it’s time to break it back out and use it. Put it in your calendar today and check back for more tips on winterizing your sprayer as the date approaches.

With sprayer season coming to a close in most parts of the country, our friends in the lawn maintenance and pesticide industries are busy making one more pass at killing weeds before the season ends. With so many holidays approaching it can be easy to get swept away, but don’t let regular sprayer maintenance slip.

Consider implementing these five tips for seasonal sprayer maintenance and let us know if you have additional tips to share by making a comment below, on Facebook or Twitter

Topics: Spray Equipment Maintenance, Winterizing Spray Equipment, lawn sprayer, diaphragm pump, spray equipment checklist, sprayer performance, sprayer strainer, Pesticide Application, spray nozzle, valves, parts, sprayer tips and tricks

5 Tips for Seasonal Sprayer Maintenance

Posted by Sprayer Depot on Mon, Sep 22, 2014

As the season changes to autumn (officially on Sept. 22, 2014), the scenery for many of us quickly follows, adding to it shades of red, orange and yellow to the typically green landscape. The weather too will turn cooler (at least we’re hopeful in Florida) and of course the needs of our sprayer changes too. While we’re not quite to the point where we need to winterize our tools, care should be given to prep for that necessary activity and to ensure the changing weather elements don’t impact the end of your season. We’ve combed over our collection of trade tips to uncover the essential needs for this time of year.

SD_KSedited

Below are five tips for autumn sprayer maintenance from Sprayer Depot to keep you going through the end of the season. 

1. Flush your sprayer.

To get rid of all excess chemical and chemical residues, flush your sprayer at least twice with clean water. It would be awful to not flush your pump with a month left in the spray season and then rupture some diaphragms. That would result in late season repairs you might not have accounted for, let alone the hassle. When you’re finished, make sure there’s no debris left in the tank.

2. Clean strainers.

This is one of those tasks no one enjoys, but is so necessary. Partially clogged strainers can result in drops in pressure and even reduce the flow rate of your nozzle. Not to mention that a clogged or dirty strainer can be a source of contamination where you may least expect it. Since most sprayers have more than one strainer, take care to clean each.

3.  Check fuel levels.

Make sure the oil levels in your spray pump, gearbox and engine are at appropriate levels. If you do need to refill oil, check with the part manufacturer to ensure you’re using the recommended oil.

4.  Inspect machine.

What you’re looking for are a number of things, including: worn nozzles; damaged nozzle screens and strainers; cracks, leaks and overall performance in the pump; hose condition, especially cracks or brittleness; any possible leaky valves or areas where valve seals may have loosened; and finally your booms (if applicable) to make sure there aren’t any cracks that need to be fixed. While you’re at it, keep the equipment clean by wiping down motors, pumps and lines.

5. Get a winterization game plan.

As the weather changes, winter is fast approaching and it’s time to dig out your winter coat. This is also the time to think about scheduling your annual winterization maintenance and end of year sprayer tune-up. Remember that caring for your machine properly now will pay off next year when it’s time to break it back out and use it. Put it in your calendar today and check back for more tips on winterizing your sprayer as the date approaches.

 

With sprayer season coming to a close in most parts of the country, our friends in the lawn maintenance and pesticide industries are busy making one more pass at killing weeds before the season ends. With so many holidays approaching it can be easy to get swept away, but don’t let regular sprayer maintenance slip.

Consider implementing these five tips for seasonal sprayer maintenance and let us know if you have additional tips to share by making a comment below, on Facebook or Twitter

Topics: Spray Equipment Maintenance, Winterizing Spray Equipment, lawn sprayer, diaphragm pump, spray equipment checklist, sprayer performance, sprayer strainer, Pesticide Application, spray nozzle, valves, parts, sprayer tips and tricks

5 things You Should Consider to Avoid Spray Drift

Posted by Sprayer Depot on Mon, Apr 14, 2014

Source: http://www.ars.usda.gov

Lowering the risk of spray drift is a top priority for any applicator due to the many problems associated with drift. Ranging from government fines to crop damage, spray drift can be a great liability to applicators if not managed appropriately.

In order to get the most out of your applications this spring, while lowering your potential for spray drift, here are five tips to help you get the most out of your safe spring applications.

  1. Select the right nozzle for your application   Nozzle Body

    Serving as one of the most important ways to cut down on spray drift, choose the right nozzle based on your application, rate of application and speed. Refer to your spray nozzle’s manufacturer chart to help with the selection.

    Most applications this spring, the trend leans toward using a nozzle that produces a larger droplet. For these applications, the larger droplets are favored because they are easier to control and complete coverage isn’t as much of a concern with soil incorporated and preemergence applications.

  2. Use an appropriate amount of pressure for your nozzle selection 

    Based on your speed and nozzle selection, you should always stay within the recommended speeds to get the most efficient coverage and to maintain the amount of product sprayed per acre.

  3.  Drive at the speed for which you are calibrated                                   

    After selecting the nozzle you want to use and the best pressure for your desired application rate, be aware of your speed. By slowing down or speeding up, you will change the application rate if you don’t adjust your pressure. Pressure that is too high for your setup is just as bad as pressure that is set too low.

    To maintain your application rate per acre, you need to increase your pressure if you increase your speed.                                         

  4. Be aware of boom height Kings 50 Gallon Skid Sprayer with electric boom

    Especially in windy conditions, a boom too high off the soil can contribute to spray drift potential. The higher your booms are set the longer the distance each droplet has to fall, which gives your application more time to travel off path before reaching the desired location.

  5.  Watch for changes in weather 

    High winds can increase your chances for spray drift, but you should also try to avoid humid conditions as well. Warmer temperatures paired with low humidity levels will cause droplets to evaporate faster and contribute to vapor drift, according to Iowa State University’s article, Spray Drift Potential Increases during Warm Weather Applications.

     

Topics: sprayers, spray tips, spray drift, spray nozzle

Search This Blog

Subscribe

Shop Now

Shop All Kings Sprayers