We’re always looking for ways to make spray nozzle selection easier and we’ve shared some tips of the trade in past posts right here on our blog. With new advances in technology and an ever-evolving line-up of options, we couldn’t resist sharing this Spray Nozzle Selection Guide and helpful information from our friends at Hypro.
Consider this. When selecting nozzles it’s easy to determine what droplet and flow rate you need, but what happens when the chemical you are spraying changes? Does that change the nozzle you should be using?
Hypro has developed a simple set of tools that will help steer you to the correct nozzle technology while considering multiple tank mix characteristics. The Spray Nozzle Selection Guide will walk you through a series of questions to identify the correct nozzle, including:
- What and when are you spraying?
- Are you using an adjuvant, and if so, what type?
- In your chemical Contact or Systemic?
- Is your primary concern drift or coverage?
Nozzle Selection Guide
From there you’ll determine which of six nozzles are best for your application. Choices include Hi-Flow and ESI Six Stream, which are best for Fertilizer Plant Nutrients. Those spraying Herbicides and doing Weed Control would be served best with the Ultra Lo-Drift, Guardian or GuardianAir nozzle types, according to the guide. Rounding out the bunch are the Insecticide/Fungicide Plant Health needs that are best suited by using the Guardian, GuardianAir or GuardianAir Twin nozzles.
Interested in more? Hypro’s Spray Tip Guide digs further into the subject, providing technical details to support your selection. Some of the topics covered include:
- Why different nozzles should be used when changing what you spray
- How do adjuvants effect nozzle selection
- When does using a Contact or Systemic chemical change your nozzle selection
If you still have questions regarding what spray nozzle
you should use, contact one of Sprayer Depot's knowledgeable Customer Service Technicians
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It seems like every time equipment breaks down, it happens when you need it most. At Sprayer Depot, we understand the importance of your sprayer and the need for it to be back up and running fast. That’s why we developed our Proven Process. It's simple really, and centers on your needs to get parts and equipment fast, without breaking the bank doing it. All orders placed by 3:30 p.m. EST with Sprayer Depot are shipped the same day. Guaranteed. Check out our latest video for more details:
Already know what part you need? Visit our easy to use website at SprayerDepot.com. Or call one of our technical wizards who can lean on the combined 55 years of experience our team holds in the field to help solve a problem or even customize a product to your needs. We’ll share more about those customizations on the blog next week. Until then, happy spraying!
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When we say we know sprayers, it’s true. Our team builds more than 500 custom sprayers each year for customers looking to modify or completely reconfigure the makeup of this important tool. After all, you don’t have to settle for less than perfect in the sprayer world. Just turn to our Sprayer Depot knowledgeable customer service technicians with your ideas and < bam > the perfect custom sprayer is born. Here we’ll take a look at some of the common modifications to a few of our best seling sprayer models from Kings Sprayers.
You might be wondering if Sprayer Depot can modify one of the existing sprayers manufactured from Kings Sprayers. In a word, YES! Whether it’s adding more hose, swapping out the pump, or modifying the entire unit to your specific needs, Sprayer Depot can make it happen. We talked to operations manager David Herrera who mentioned “one of our biggest strengths is that we can get creative to solve space issues by creating custom frames and thinking outside the box.” Let’s take a closer look at a few scenarios as described by David:
One common customization is the dual tank setup (pictured above). Sometimes customers want two tanks so they can have chemicals in one tank and fresh water in the other, or another common scenario is having a need to spray two different chemicals while out on the job. We can make that happen within almost any parameter needed.
Another unique customization we created at the request of a customer is depicted in the same image above where you’ll notice that the hose reel is turned to the side. This is popular with the skid sprayer units in particular because the skid sprayer is usually in the bed of a pickup truck. It can be more convenient for the operator to have the hose dispatched from the passenger side when spraying lawns and shrubs.
Another example is this custom Gator Kings Sprayers model. This skid sprayer unit fits into the back of a Gator utility vehicle. We had a customer request for a 100-gallon tank with a specific pump, engine, and hose reel. Given the standard way we build our skids, there was no way we could fit what the customer wanted in his Gator. So we got creative by using a low profile tank and designed a custom frame so that all of the components could be mounted above the tank. This is one of the most direct examples of how our team can creatively solve a problem a customer might have encountered with a standard off-the-shelf sprayer.
Below are a few of the most common modifications that can turn a stock sprayer into a custom model ideal for your needs:
- Change the manual hose reel to an electric version
- Add more hose to the hose reel
- Change the standard spray gun to something else
- Swap in a larger tank
- Change the gas engine to electric start
- Modify the orientation of the tank on the frame
- Change the sprayer pump to a different manufacturer’s pump
- Add another line on the suction side
So, what modifications would you love to improve your sprayer?
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You’re on the market for a new spray pump. You have a pretty clear idea of what you need. After all, nine times out of ten it’s a replacement pump that’s on its last leg and in need of replacing. Not an easy pill to swallow when you have to buy one of the most vital parts for your sprayer. But where do you start?
Does this scenario sound familiar? Since we're more focused on your needs than your wallet, here we’ll share three foolproof tips to get you the best product for your needs at the best price.
Tip #1: Inventory
Whether you’re in the market for a diaphragm pump, roller pump, centrifugal pump, piston pump, transfer or plunger pump, find a retailer that covers the spectrum with a variety of brands on hand for sale. Look for a retailer that carries major sprayer pump brands like Hypro, Udor, Comet, Banjo, Myers and SHURflo, to name a few. Since not all brands manufacture all pump types, at Sprayer Depot you’ll find a better selection for your needs and a more knowledgeable team to answer any questions. Sprayer Depot carries all the major brands for practically every type of spray pump at the best price.
Tip #2: Price Matching
Speaking of price, don’t be afraid to shop around. You’ll find out more about the product you’re looking for from kicking the proverbial tires at a few shops before settling on one. That will also give you a chance to scope out who has the best pricing policy – for example Sprayer Depot will match any competitor’s price (must be an authorized dealer/distributor). We strive to offer the lowest price on all major spray pump brands, but if you happen to find a lower advertised price from an authorized distributor, Sprayer Depot will match or beat that price! When you’re shopping for a part like a pump you know your going to have to spend a pretty penny so why not get the best deal.
Tip #3: Customer Service
You’re a pro so the customer service team from any retailer won’t show you how to do your job, but they can offer some insight into the latest tricks of the trade. At Sprayer Depot, our knowledgeable customer service technicians have more than 55 years of combined experience in the industry. Many of them have worked their way into the role through production jobs building the very sprayer you use today. So they know their stuff and speak your language. Plus, they’re not sales guys aiming to make commission – they genuinely enjoy what they do and strive to assist folks in finding the product that’s best for their needs.
So the next time you’re in the market for a spray pump, or really anything for your sprayer equipment, remember to consider inventory, price match policies and customer service. Better yet, just give the guys at Sprayer Depot a call or visit the online store. You’ll be in good hands.
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The primary goal when you’re plumbing a sprayer pump is to route liquid from the pump to the spray nozzle with as little restriction as possible. By minimizing restrictions you’ll achieve the pump’s maximum rated capacity. For purposes of this blog post we’ll share how to plumb your sprayer the right way when using a diaphragm pump.
Quick side note, as you probably know the type of pump you use makes a difference when it comes to proper plumbing. Diaphragm, piston and roller pumps are all types of positive displacement pumps, whereas a centrifugal pump is the most common non-positive displacement pump. When you’re looking at positive displacement pumps the output is proportional to speed and independent of pressure, but when we use a centrifugal or non-positive displacement pump the output is influenced by pressure. So needless to say, plumbing on these two types is different.
Now that we’re all on the same page, for the best performance of your sprayer with a diaphragm pump and hose reel, follow these 10 steps and you’ll be well on your way to maximizing pump performance and efficiency:
- Place the outlet fitting in lowest point in the tank.
- Connect a ball valve to the outlet tee (or elbow) so you can turn off the flow in case you need to service the pump or check the line strainer.
- Include a line strainer between the tank and the pump to prevent debris from clogging the pump, relief valve, gun and nozzle.
- Tank outlet fitting, elbow, suction line, and strainer should be one pipe size larger than the suction port of the pump. Suction line should be reinforced, so it does not collapse, but flexible so it absorbs pulsation. Clear suction line helps you see air bubbles if there is air entering the system.
- Although diaphragm pumps prime well, try to position the pump lower than the tank for gravity feed.
- Most diaphragm pumps include a “control unit” consisting of a relief valve, multiple discharge ports with ball valves, and a pressure gauge. It can be mounted on the pump or remote mounted. If a remote mount is used do not put a shutoff valve between the pump and the control unit.
- Connect the relief valve bypass port with an unrestricted line to the top of the tank, venting to atmospheric pressure. Do not put a shutoff valve in this line. Do not connect the bypass line to the agitator. Restrictions may prevent the relief valve from bypassing properly and so causing damage to the pump.
- Connect one of the discharge lines to the agitator(s). You may use a ball valve in this line to throttle the flow.
- Connect one of the discharge lines to the inlet swivel on the hose reel. You may use a ball valve in this line. Do not use hard plumbing when connecting the discharge line to the hose reel swivel.
- Connect the gun.
- A minimum number of elbows, fittings, and valves should be used to reduce pressure losses. These should also be sized properly to prevent flow restrictions.
- Hoses should be the same size as the pump’s suction and discharge port. A straight run of 10 times the suction hose diameter is recommended prior to the pump inlet. For example: 1.5” hose diameter = 15” of straight hose.
- An agitation flow rate of 5% of the tank capacity is recommended for most chemicals. A higher rate of 10% is suggested for wettable powders and materials difficult to keep in suspension. See the chart below for common tank sizes.
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One piece of equipment that is often overlooked is the strainer. Here we will dive into the importance of the strainer, or, as it is sometimes referred more simply, filters or screens. No matter what you call it, strainers are very important to reduce clogging, excessive erosion of spray tips and consistent fluid circulation of your sprayer equipment. As the name alludes, this part strains or filters debris to ensure even uninterrupted flow.
To better understand the variety of strainers used on sprayers, we’ll discuss the most popular types of sprayer strainers used and review what strainer numbers mean.
Types of Strainers
Shaped like the letter Y, the Y strainer is used in various agriculture and industrial liquid flow applications where the amount of debris that will be filtered is small. Often lightweight and made of polypropylene materials, the Y strainer is corrosion-resistant. Its cylindrical shape is very strong and meant to accommodate high pressures. These parts do have pressure ratings so make sure you choose the one that’s suitable for your sprayer system.
The T strainer
is also shaped like its namesake, the letter T, but this part has a larger holding capacity so depending on its application it will go longer between cleanings. With the T strainer there is the option of purchasing the part with a clear or white bowl, where the clear bowl offers the advantage of easy visibility to check for debris or chemical build-up. T strainers are good at trapping large particles and offer dozens of configurations, including self-cleaning strainers, designed for simple and quick cleaning and maintenance.
Built-in strainers, or tip strainers, prevent debris from entering the orifice or vane and can be used with a variety of standard and quick-connect flat spray, full cone, hollow cone and fine spray nozzles. These are used in conjunction with another type of strainer and filter out finer particles as a sort of last stop.
In general, most sprayer operations can benefit from adding line strainers or integral nozzle strainers. Though if you’re relying on tip strainers alone and these parts begin to plug frequently it may be necessary to add a single line strainer between the pump and the nozzle. From our experience, it’s much easier to clean a single strainer on the main line coming from the pump than to clean all of the individual tip strainers.
Strainer numbers represent the number of openings per square inch. The size can range from 10-200 mesh where high mesh numbers have smaller openings and result in a finer screen than low mesh numbers. So a 50 mesh means the strainer has 50 openings per inch. In general 100 mesh tip strainers are required for individual tips with a flow rate below 0.2 gallon per minute (gpm), 50 mesh between 0.2 and 1 gpm, and no strainer over 1 gpm. There are various strainer to sprayer tip combinations to provide the optimal psi, but for the sake of time we’ll save the topic of pressurization for later.
In considering the right size for your needs, keep in mind that the main strainer, often called inline or suction strainer, should be the same size or larger than the last strainer on the sprayer pump or boom. Though you don’t need to run strainers on each nozzle as long as you strain the water either into or directly out of all nurse tanks, have a main product strainer on the sprayer, and one strainer for each boom section of the sprayer. When in doubt, call the experts.
That’s not all. You also need to consider the type of product you’re spraying because fertilizers need a larger strainer than water based chemicals.
All in all, the strainer in your sprayer is one of the most important parts, but also one of the easiest to maintain. A clean and properly sealed strainer will allow proper flow to the pump and contribute to a longer pump life. If you’re looking for more on sprayer strainer maintenance, find out the 3 Reasons Why You Should Check Your Strainer in this post.
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Contributed by Guest Blogger: Mark Techler, Factory Representative - Hypro & SHURflo Ag and Industrial Pumps and Accessories
Spray tips are the smallest and most overlooked components of a sprayer. Drift control spray tips use air induction to produce air filled droplets, which dramatically reduce drift compared to conventional tips. Here are the benefits:
- Reduce off target spray. Your neighbors don’t want your ag chemicals on their property.
- Improve efficacy. It is estimated that 30% of conventionally sprayed droplets drift off target, land on the ground, or evaporate (leaving the active ingredient inert). Reduce that drift to 2% and achieve better results.
- Improve coverage. Air filled droplets stick to their target while conventional droplets may bounce off. When the air bubbles break the surface tension of the droplet, the spray material becomes more dispersed on the target.
- Improve spray quality. The chemical label shows a droplet size category, which can vary from extremely fine to ultra coarse, at which the product must be applied for optimum results. Air induction tips produce more consistent droplet diameters than conventional tips.
- Save money. With improved efficacy and coverage you may require less chemical and less water to finish the job. With improved efficacy and coverage likely you will only need to spray once, saving money and time.
- Be environmentally responsible. Keep herbicides, pesticides, fungicides, and fertilizers confined to their targets and out of drinking water supplies and the aquifer.
Before you buy any spray tips, it is also important to know:
- Your spray technique: broadcast or banding
- Sprayer speed (in mph)
- Tip spacing (20 inches, etc.)
- Application rate (from chemical label)
- Spray tip flow rate (GPA or GPM)
- Spray pattern: flat fan or cone
- Spray quality (fine, medium, coarse, etc. from chemical label)
Armed with this information, use the Hypro SprayIT Calculator to select drift reduction tips. Hypro has designed this online calculator to make it easy to select the proper spray tip for your application. Given the information we just covered, all you need to do is select the type of application and input your specific application data and the calculator with do the rest.
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Contributed by Guest Blogger: David Herrera, Operations Manager - Sprayer Depot
What Happens When We Receive Your Order?
Once a customer places their order, our shipping department begins picking and packing the order. We double-check each shipment to ensure accuracy. We keep a huge inventory to reduce delivery times and minimize the downtime our customers may experience when their equipment is down and they are waiting for the delivery of their parts or new equipment.
Same Day Shipping - Guaranteed!
We understand how important it is for our customers to receive orders in a timely fashion so we guarantee that all orders placed by 3:30 p.m. will ship the same day. Or, the shipping's on us!
Exceptional Vendor Relationships
Sprayer Depot has strong vendor relationships, so if what you need is not in stock, we are able to drop-ship most orders. Our inventory is not limited to sprayer parts. We also carry the full line of Kings Sprayers, as well as Unigreen, FMC, Kubota and Gator Sprayers.
Quick Ship Program
We stock some of the most popular Kings Sprayers as part of our Quick Ship Program. These sprayers are in-stock and ship within 24 hours.
We'll build a sprayer to meet your specific needs!
Our knowledgeable Customer Service Technicians work closely with our manufacturing department to help turn ideas into reality. We use 3-dimensional drawing programs to design custom frames and our expert builders make each sprayer with the highest level of design and craftsmanship in the industry. We can customize an existing sprayer, or design a new one, to meet your specific needs. The options are endless.
Are you training a new spray technician? Or simply need a refresher guide to identify your sprayer parts? Our Customer Service Technicians often help customers with these exact needs. So, we've created this useful guide to help you get more familiar with your sprayer and its parts.
View clearly labeled parts, complete with part numbers
Easy-to-see sprayer image provides accurate identification of parts and sprayer accessories
Excellent teaching tool and resource guide
Keep this useful guide on hand as a resource for spray technicians, to use as repair and replacement part information, and as a general teaching tool.
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Proper Sprayer Maintenance Requires Keeping the Right Sprayer Parts in Inventory
To keep your spray equipment running smoothly and to avoid downtime while ordering & waiting for parts, keep these common sprayer parts on hand:
The spray tip is a critical part of any sprayer. Spray tips perform three functions:
Spray tips are generally best suited for certain purposes and less desirable for others. Basically, increasing the spray tip angle decreases droplet size. Since smaller droplets drift longer distances, it's important to pick the right spray tip for the job.
AgitatorAn agitator in the tank is needed to mix the spray material uniformly and keep chemicals in suspension.
A plugged nozzle is one of the most frustrating problems that applicators experience with sprayers. Properly selected and positioned strainers and screens will help prevent nozzle plugging and reduce nozzle wear.
Strainer numbers (e.g. 20-mesh, 50-mesh, or 100-mesh) indicate the number of openings per inch. Strainers with high numbers have smaller openings than strainers with low numbers.
Coarse basket strainers (also commonly referred to as basket filters) set in the tank-filler opening prevent debris from entering the tank as it is being filled. A 16- or 20-mesh tank basket filter will also restrain lumps of wettable powder until they are broken up, helping to give uniform mixing in the tank.
The line strainer is the most critical strainer of the sprayer. It usually has a screen size of 16 to 80 mesh, and it can be positioned between the tank and the pump, between the pump and the pressure regulator, or close to the boom, depending upon the type of pump used. Roller and other positive displacement pumps should have a line strainer (40- or 50-mesh) located ahead of the pump to remove material that would damage the pump. In contrast, the inlet of a centrifugal pump must not be restricted. A line strainer (usually 50-mesh) should be located on the pressure side of the pump to protect the spray and agitation nozzles. Be sure to clean this screen regularly.
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